THE BIBLICAL LUNAR CALENDAR
A solar calendar has 365.25 days a year. A leap day is added every fourth year. however, a lunar calendar has about 354 days.
Because the Biblical calendar is a lunar one there are fifty-four weekly readings needed to match the fifty-two weeks of the solar calendar. These extra weeks are inserted in the lunar calendar so that the lunar calendar continues to match the solar seasons.
Consequently, leap years occur in the third, sixth, eighth, eleventh, fourteenth, seventeenth, and nineteenth years of the nineteen year cycle.
In regular years, that is, the years between leap years, what happens to the extra readings? To make sure every reading (parashah portion) is read every year, two parashot are read instead of the usual one at set times during the year. Such combined readings are indicated when they occur in the guide that follows.
SCHEDULE OF FEASTS
IDENTIFYING LEAP YEARS
THE JEWISH CALENDAR MONTHS
Kevin D. Vincent, All Rights Reserved. Readers are free to print off individual pages for their own use but not to sell them to others.