THE BIBLICAL FEASTS
There are seven major feasts in the Bible
and they instruct us about God's timetable for His people. The first four of these feasts have been fulfilled. The last three are yet to be fulfilled and we are to be on the watch to read the times and seasons regarding them. The Emmaus Prayer Plan
indicates when these feasts occur and lists readings for them. The weekly parashah
readings are replaced during the feasts by special readings relating to the nature of each feast. A brief account is given here of each feast's significance. Fuller accounts are available elsewhere offline and online.
The first three feasts
are celebrated in one week.
is the first feast and celebrates the Jewish deliverance from Egypt. They sacrificed a lamb and sprinkled the blood on the doorposts and the avenging angel, seeing the blood, passed over them. Jesus died on the feast of Passover and He is our Passover lamb whose blood takes away our sins. We are passed over for the punishment due to sin because of the blood of Yeshua. Christians changed the date and name of this feast, and called it Easter after a pagan god. It is usually within a week or two of Passover. Christ established communion as memorial of His death and resurrection.
2. Unleavened bread
. The Jews ate bread without leaven when they left Egypt. Leaven speaks of sin because it puffs up. Christ was without sin, hence the significance of the word unleavened bread. It is eaten for a week.
3. First fruits
is on the first Sunday after Passover. Originally it was the offering of the first of the barley harvest. It speaks of Christ as the first fruit of those who rise from the dead.
4. Feast of weeks
. Fifty days are counted from Passover to determine the date of Shavuot, or Feast of Weeks. Christians call this feast Pentecost after the Greek word for fifty. The Lord told the Apostles to wait in Jerusalem until they received power from on high to witness. This power of the Holy Spirit was received on the feast of Shavuot, or Pentecost. It was the birth of the church which will abide on the earth until taken out of the earth to meet the Lord in the air.
Note how these four feasts occurred on the exact date of the relevant Jewish feast.
The next three feasts, celebrated around the beginning of October, are still observed by Jewish people but have been completely neglected by the church. It is important that they be celebrated by Christians as a constant reminder that the Lord will come again and reign on the earth.
. This Biblical feast is also called New Year (Rosh Hashanah) and is the start of the civil year as opposed to the religious year beginning at Passover. It points to the day when the Church is taken up to meet Christ in the clouds.
6. Yom Kippur
or The Day of Atonement comes at the end of the ten days of awe from Trumpets. It is a day of fasting, mourning, and repentance and speaks of the time when the Jewish people will look on Him whom they pierced and recognize their Messiah.
. This feast occurs five days after Yom Kippur. Jewish people build booths to live in. It points to the day when the Messiah will again live on the earth among His people and establish His Millennial Kingdom reigning from Jerusalem and fulfil the kingdom promises made to His chosen People.
|Passover Pesach 14th Nisan (Easter)
||Exodus 12.1 – 15.21 The account of the Passover: selection of the lamb, killing of the land, sprinkling of the blood.
Matthew 26.17 – 30 Jesus celebrates the Passover.
1 Corinthians 11.23 – 34 Paul recalls that Jesus established the Lord’s Supper at the Passover celebration.
|Unleavened Bread Matsot
15th –21st Nisan
||Exodus 13.3 – 10 The Feast of Unleavened Bread instituted.
Luke 2.41 – 52 Jesus in Jerusalem for Passover and for the Feast of Unleavened Bread.
1 Corinthians 5.6 – 8 How we are to be the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
Isaiah 55.10 – 11
|Firstfruits Bikurim The Barley Harvest 16th Nisan (Easter)
||Leviticus 23.9 – 14 Firstfruits instituted. Deuteronomy 26.1 – 11 The ritual for Firstfruits.
Matthew 28.1 – 10 Jesus has risen from the dead.
1 Corinthians 15.20 – 28 Christ has become the firstfruits of those who have died. In Christ all will be made alive
Jeremiah 2.2 -3
50 days after Firstfruits
|Leviticus 23.15 – 21 Count fifty days from Firstfruits to Shavuot.
Numbers 28.26 – 31 Offerings. Deuteronomy 16.9 – 12 Rejoice
John 7.37 – 39; 14.25 – 26 Jesus promises to send the Holy Spirit.
Acts 2.1 – 4 The disciples receive the Holy Spirit on the fiftieth day after Firstfruits.
Joel 2.28 - 32
Leviticus 23.23 –25 The feast established. Numbers 29.1 – 6 Sacrifices for the feast.
Matthew 24.29 – 31 The sound of the trumpet when the Messiah returns.
1 Corinthians 15.51 – 52 The last trumpet when the dead will be raised.
Isaiah 27.2 - 13
Day of Atonement
Days of Awe from Trumpets to Yom Kippur.
Leviticus 23.26 – 32 The feast mandated. Leviticus 16 Priest’s role.
Numbers 29.7 – 11 Sacrifices for Yom Kippur.
John 1.29 The Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world.
Hebrews 9.11 – 10.22 Without the shedding of blood there is no remission of sins.
Zechariah 12.10 -14
for seven days
Leviticus 23.33 – 43 Live in booths and rejoice.
Numbers 29.12 – 39 Offerings for the feast.
John 7.1 – 39 Jesus at the Feast of Tabernacles.
John 14.1 – 4 Jesus says He goes to prepare a place for us.
Revelation 21.3 The tabernacle of God is with men.
Zechariah 14.1 -21
THE BIBLICAL LUNAR CALENDAR
SCHEDULE OF FEASTS
IDENTIFYING LEAP YEARS
THE JEWISH CALENDAR MONTHS
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